BIG 5 FACTORS
People like animals all come from one common race scientifically referred to as Homo sapiens. The clustering together of all humans under this facet means that we share some common traits. Our physical structure and biological features tend to function in a similar manner across all humans. However, one person’s behavior, ideas and approach to life significantly differs from another. In fact, identical twins may share similar physical characteristics but differ in their approach to living. Even though, our personalities differ individually, in a cluster there are certain similarities in people (John, 2008). One research has attempted to cluster these attributes in people together. Thus, this essay will compare my personality with the online Big Five Model test and the sixteen model personality theory.
The Big Five model theory clusters personalities into five aspects namely: Extraversion, neuroticism, extraversion, openness, agreeableness and conscientiousness (Eysenck, 2004). Firstly, Extraversion describes the tendency to be more actively engage with the outside world. People of this nature tend to be more friendly, assertive, cheerful and excitement-seeking. On the contrary, introverted people, where I belong, tend to display quieter, low-key and a disengaged from the world social lifestyle. Agreeableness trait refers to individuals that prefer to cooperate socially with others thus qualities such as morality, trust, sympathy and altruism become their core standards. Thirdly, conscientiousness is the quality that demands one to possess a great deal of self-control. In addition to this, a person will show a great sense of dutifulness, cautiousness, self-discipline and a high achievement striving personality. On the other hand, neuroticism and openness describe an individuals’ capacity to handle mental or emotional experiences as well as openness to new worldly experiences respectively. On the five model tool, my test score was accurate on all the five aspects except openness. Thus, I agree with the accuracy of results from online test score.
On another platform, Raymond Cattell attempted to describe the personality trait using a more sophisticated statistical language referred to as ‘factors’. All traits that could be used to describe a behavior programmed in a computer (Ivancevic, 2011). Afterward, the computer is instructed to group certain behaviors together thus coming up with sixteen qualities that can describe people’s personalities. In comparison to the Big five qualities where I scored high, the sixteen-factor analysis also do score me in a similar manner. For example, among the sixteen factors, I score highly in emotional stability, sensitivity, self-reliance, openness to change, privateness, rule-consciousness, and reasoning. The qualities are associated more with introverted persons compared to extroverts thus my high score in the traits. On the other hand, I did score low on warm, dominance, liveliness, social boldness, vigilance, abstractedness, apprehension, perfectionism, and tension. Similarly, the low-key, introverted nature sometimes causes one to score low especially on aspects that are socially related (Pastorino et al., 2012).
In conclusion, the five-factor analysis comprehensively covers more traits in an individual revealing their personality quite accurately. Human beings are complex creatures thus when describing one; a comprehensive approach needs to be applied. Consequently, five-factor models broadly describe and clusters peoples’ traits comprehensively. Similarly, the sixteen-factor analysis broadly captures diverse personalities and easily clusters each appropriately. Both tools can easily reveal one's personality though the big five factor supersedes the other model.
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